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Elephanta Caves in Mumbai

Elephanta Caves in Mumbai: the Glory of Ancient India

Mumbai attracts more than six million tourists every year. It is important to note that it is the 30th most visited location across the planet. It is the 10th largest city in the world, making it an economical, amusement, and cultural mammoth. There are many sites inside Mumbai that are very conducive to tourist visits. You will find it quite easy to communicate and navigate in the city of Mumbai if you are from any city in India like Delhi. So, there is little reason to wait. Look up the New Delhi to Mumbai Flights Schedule and get onto a flight that will take you to the paradise of Mumbai. This article will outline some of the historical attractions in Mumbai that are ripe for visitors.

The Elephanta Caves, for instance, are one of the greatest examples of the glory of ancient India. It has now been regarded as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are many cave temples in honour of the Hindu God, Shiva. All these caves are situated on the Elephanta Island that is located in Mumbai Harbour. It is filled with caves that have sculptures of Lord Shiva. There are a few Buddhist stupas in and around the area as well. Most of the cave is a marvel in solid basalt rock. Unfortunately, many of these timeless works of art have been defaced and damaged. The Trimurti Sadasiva and Yogishvara are some of the most amazing works of art in the depths of these caves that have massive representations of Hindu Mythology.

The date of the origin of these caves is still largely disputed by archaeologists. Some believe that it was constructed all the way back in the 6th century AD, while others argue that it did not get constructed until the 9th century AD. There is no conclusive evidence yet that has been able to establish the exact date. The Great Cave, which served as the major cave in the complex, served as the main entrance until it was overridden by the vile Portuguese. From that point, Hindus no longer worshipped in the cave.

The Gupta Empire set in motion an amazing series of artistic revolutions. Never before had art and architecture been so enthusiastically encouraged. This great support from the empire allowed artisans and sculptors to create marvels like the Elephanta Caves. The caves were vandalized by the Portugese who later took over the region. The main cave, popularly known as Cave 1, has multiple passages leading in and out of the cave. The idol at the very centre of the cave temple is aligned in an accurate east-west axis. This main cave is accessible to tourists from the shore beach. A steep 120-step ascent is what it takes to reach these temples that sit at the very top. Incredibly, the pillars of the temple itself support the extreme weight of the hill above. This is truly a marvel of ancient engineering.

Mumbai has many other interesting historical tourist locations like Kanheri caves, Haji Ali Dargah, Mahim Fort, Asiatic Library, Siddhivinayak Temple, Mount Mary Church, etc. It is certainly one of the best places to visit.

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